Course Outline

Tentative Course Outline-Subject to Revision

An asterisk (*) indicates a required reading. All others are recommended.
Readings on populism marked with a hollow diamond (◊) are particularly recommended.

Sept 28:  Introduction & Overview of Political Psychology

*Susana Stone 2014. “Overview: Political Psychology” WIREs Cognitive Science 5:373–385.

No Evidence of a Replicability Crisis in Psychological Science. Link

John Sullivan et al. 2002.“The Contours of Political Psychology, pp 23-47 in James Kuklinski, ed., Thinking about Political PsychologySullivan Contours Link.

Howard Lavine 2010. “A Sketch of Political Psychology.” In Howard Lavine (ed.), Political Psychology, Volume I: Theoretical Approaches. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
Lavine Sketch Link

Leone Huddy et al. 2013. “Introduction: Theoretical Foundations of Political Psychology in Leone Huddy et al. The Oxford Handbook of Political Psychology 2nd edition, Oxford, 2013.

David Houghton 2015. Political Psychology 2nd ed. Routledge. Ch 1-2.

Populism Readings

◊Jan-Werner Müller, 2013 “Reflections on Populism”

John Judis, 2016. “Rethinking Populism” Dissent Fall 2016

Albertazzi, Danielle and McDonnell, Duncan, 2015. Populists in Power. Routledge.

John B. Judis, 2016. The Populist Explosion. NY: Columbia Global Reports.

Ernesto Laclau, 2005. On Populist Reason, NY: Verso.

Slavoj Zizek, 2006. “Against the Populist Temptation.” Critical Inquiry 32 (3) 551-74.

Cas Mudde and Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser, 2017. Populism: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press.

Jan-Werner Müller. 2015. What is Populism? Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

◊Max Fisher and Amanda Taub, 2017. “How Does Populism Turn Authoritarian? New York Times

Max Fisher and Amanda Taub, 2017. ” Western Populism May Be Entering an Awkward Adolescence,” New York Times.

◊Jeremy Ashkenas and Gregor Aisch, 2016. “European Populism in the Age of Donald Trump.”

Thomas Grevin, 2016. “The Rise of Right-wing Populism and the United States,” Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (Foundation)

Eric Oliver and Wendy M. Rahn, 2016. Rise of theTrumpenvolk: Populism in the 2016 Election. Annals American Academy of Social and Political Science Vol 667, Issue 1.

Pierre-Andre Taguieff, 2016. “The revolt Against the Elites, or the New Populist Wave” Telos. 25 June.

Bram Spruyt et al.  2016. “Who Supports Populism and What Attracts People to It?” Political Research Quarterly. Vol 69(2) 335-46.

Uri Friedman 2017. “What is a Populist? And is Donald Trump one?” The Atlantic Feb 27.

◊PolPsy notes on Müller

Part I    Classic Psychological Approaches

October 3:    Psychoanalytic

*Sigmund Freud, New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, 1933.  Lecture 31.

*Sigmund Freud, “Libidinal Types” In Character and Culture freud-lib-types


*———-, Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego Lecture VII & VIII
*Sigmund Freud, Group Psychology, Lecture VII Freud-Identif  & Lecture VIII Love&Hypnosis


Sigmund Freud, The Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis

Harold Lasswell, 1930. Psychopathology and Politics, University of Chicago Press.

Sigmund Freud, Lecture VII Freud-Identif

Sigmund Freud, Lecture XXXII

______, A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis, 1920.

______, Civilization and Its Discontents, 1930.

Paul Robinson, 1993. Freud and His Critics. Berkeley: University of California Press.;query=;brand=ucpress

Elisabeth Roudinesco. 2016. Freud: In His Time and Ours. Harvard.

Fredrick Crewes 2017. Freud: The Making of an Illusion, Henry Holt.

Eli Zaretsky, 2015. Political Freud: A History. Columbia University Press (Link to Chapter 1 here). Full text available online through the UCSC library.

David Houghton 2015. Political Psychology 2nd ed. Routledge. Ch 7.

Applications to Populism

Robert Samuels, 2016. “Trump and Sanders on the Couch: Neoliberal Populism on the Left and the Right.” Ch 4 (pp 61-76) in Psychoanalyzing the Left and Right after Donald Trump. Palgrave. Full text available for download through UCSC or UVic library.

◊David Gergen, What Explains Donald Trump’s Arrogance?

Eli Zaretsky, 2017. “Populism and Freudian Mass Psychology: Three Paradoxes”

(skim) Ernesto Laclau, 2005. On Populist Reason, NY: Verso. pp 52-74. (a messy version of the whole book); ◊Laclau on Freud ( a cleaner version of the relevant pages).

October 5:    Behavioral

*Ivan P.Pavlov, 1927.Conditioned Reflexes, Lectures 2-4.

*B.F. Skinner, 1971(2002). Beyond Freedom and Dignity. Chapters 2 & 6.

B.F. Skinner. (1935). Two types of conditioned reflex and a pseudo typeJournal of General Psychology12, 66-77.

B.F. Skinner. (1937). Two types of conditioned reflex: A reply to Konorski and MillerJournal of General Psychology16, 272-279., , 1948.

B.F. Skinner. 1948. Walden Two.

B.F. Skinner. Behaviorism at 50.

Alexandra Rutherford, 2009. Beyond the Box: B.F. Skinner’s Technology of Behavior. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

David Houghton 2015. Political Psychology 2nd ed. Routledge. Ch 3,

Summary of A Review of BF Skinner’s Verbal Behavior by Noam Chomsky

Applications to Populism

◊Kindler, 2016. “The People Who Conditioned You to Hate Hillary.

◊John A. Farrell, 2017. “How to Tame Donald Trump,” Politico.

Max Visser, 2016. “Voting: A Behavioral Analysis”.

Ernesto Laclau, 2005. On Populist Reason, NY: Verso. pp 24-30. or Laclau 24-30 (cleaner version)

October 10:    Humanist

*Abraham Maslow, 1943. A theory of motivation.

*Abraham Maslow, 1954. Motivation and Personality Preface & Chapter 11.
click on the ebooks link and then look for Maslow

Abraham Maslow, 1972. Toward a Psychology of Being.

Abraham Maslow, 1971 The Farther Reaches of Human Nature.

Edward Hoffman, 1988. The Right to be Human:  A Biography of Abraham Maslow.

Mark Kolko-Rivera, 2006. “Rediscovering the Later Version of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: Self -Transcendence and Opportunities for Theory, Research and Unification” Review of General Psychology 10(4), 302-317.

Applications to Populism

Luis Durani, 2016. “The Teflon Don of Politics. Donald Trump and Maslow.”

◊Phil Fragasso, 2016. “Abraham Maslow on Trump and Trump Voters.”

Ingrid Laas, 2006. “Self Actualization and Society: A New Application for an Old Theory,” Journal of Humanistic Psychology, vol 46 (1) January, 77-91.Maslow&PopulistMovemts

Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris, 2016. “Trump, Brexit and the Rise of Populism: Economic Have-Nots and Cultural Backlash,” Harvard Kennedy School Faculty Research Working Paper. Populism-Inglehart&Norris or at:
(see here also her 2017 paper on “Is Democracy Backsliding)
also consider:

October 12:  Quiz 1 & Preparing Paper 1

Part II    Recent Psychological Approaches

October 17:  Post War Personality Theory

*Theodore Adorno 1949. The Authoritarian Personality
Read Chapters 1 & 7 and skim Chapter 9

Roger Brown, Social Psychology, 1965. 1st edition, TAP. skim

Bob. Altemeyer, 1988. Enemies of Freedom .

H.D. Forbes, 1985. Nationalism, Ethnocentrism and Personality.

Marc Hetherington and Jonathan Weiler, 2009. Authoritarianism and Polarization in American Politics .

William Kreml, 1977. The Anti-Authoritarian Personality.

Stanley Renshon and John Duckitt, 2000. Political Psychology. Chapters 6 & 7.

Jim Sidanius and Felicia Pratto. 1999. Social dominance: an integral theory of social hierarchy and oppression. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Joel E Dimsdale. 2016. Anatomy of Malice: The Enigma of the Nazi War Criminals. Yale.

The Big 5

*Donald W. Fiske, 1949. “Consistency of the Factorial Structures of Personality Ratings from Different Sources,” Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 44: 329-44. Accessible online via UVic library (skim).

*Kendra Cherry 2017. “The Big Five Personality Traits.”

Lewis R. Goldberg 1995. “What the Hell Took So Long? Donald Fiske and the Big-Five Factor Structure” in Patrick E Shrout and Susan T. Fiske, Personality Reseach, Methods and Theory: A Festschrift Honoring Donald W. Fiske, Erlbaum.

Alan S. Gerber et al,  (2011) “The Big Five Personality Traits in the Political Arena,” Annual Review of Political Science 14:265–287. (skim)

Jeffrey Mondak. 2015. Personality and the Foundations of Political Behaviour. Cambridge University Press.

Jeffery J. Mondak, et al, 2010 “Personality and Civic Engagement: An Inegrative Frameword fot the Study of Trait Effects on Political Behaviour” American Political Science Review 104 (February): 85-110.

Jeffrey Mondak. 2015. Personality and the Foundations of Political Behaviour. Cambridge University Press.

Bryce J. Dietrich, et al., (2012). “Personality and Legislative Politics: The Big Five Trait Dimensions Among U.S. State Legislators.” Political Psychology Vol. 33, No. 2 (April 2012), pp. 195-210.

Christopher D Johnson et al., 2017. Open Versus Closed: Personality, Identity, and the Politics of Redistribution. Cambridge Chapters 1 & 8.

David Houghton 2015. Political Psychology 2nd ed. Routledge. Ch 8.

Applications to Populism

◊Matthew McWilliams, 2016. “The one weird trait that predicts where you’re a Trump supporter.”
Politico, January 17. click here

Matthew C. MacWilliams. “Who Decides When the Party Doesn’t? Authoritarian Voters and the Rise of Donald Trump.” PS: Political Science & Politics. (Forthcoming, October 2016).

Thomas Edsall, 2016. “The Eternal Return of Unenlightened Despotism”. New York Times.

Jonathan Weiler. 2015. “Demystifying the Trump Coalition: It’s the Authoritarianism.” Huffington Post December 8. click here

Anya Samek, 2016. “The Association between Personality Traits and Voting Intentions in the 2016 Presidential Election.”

James Dennison,

◊Bert N. Bakker et al. (2016).  “The Psychological Roots of Populist Voting: Evidence from the United States, The Netherlands and Germany,” European Journal of Political Research, vol 55, 302-20.  Skim  PersonalityPopulism

Amanda Taub, 2016., “The Rise of American Authoritarianism”

Dan P. MacAdams, 2016. The Mind of Donald Trump” The Atlantic

October 19: Social Psychology

* Solomon E. Asch, 1955. “Opinions and Social 14 Pressure.” Scientific American 193: 31-35.

*Muzafer Sherif on Groups
h 8, skim the rest

*Milgram on Obedience

Jerry Burger. 2009. “Replicating Milgram: Would People Still Obey Today?” American Psychologist.

Stanley Milgram. 1963. “Behavioral Study of Obedience.” Journal of Abnormal and Social


Arthur G. Miller. 2016. “Why are the Milgram Obedience Experiments Still So Extraordinarily Famous–and Controversial?” in Arthur Miller, ed., The Social Psychology of Good and Evil, Second Edition. Guilford.

Martin Seligman on Learned Helplessness

Serge Moscovici on Minority Influence

Phillip Zimbardo, “A Pirandellian Prison”

Philip Zimbardo,. Stanford Prison Guard Experiment

Alex Haslam and Steve Reicher

Thomas Carnahan & Sam McFarland, “Revisiting the Stanford Prison Experiment.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2007 Jun;33(6):911.

Craig Haney and Philip G Zimbardo. 2009 “Persistent dispositionalism in interactionist clothing: fundamental attribution error in explaining prison abuse.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 35:807-14.

Irving Janis, Group Think 2nd ed  1982.(Houghton Mifflin).

Cass Sunstein and Reid Hastie, (2015).  Wiser: Getting Beyond Groupthink to Make Groups Smarter. Harvard Business Review Press.

David Houghton 2015. Political Psychology 2nd ed. Routledge. Ch 4-6.

Applications to Populism

Author unclear, 2015. “The Trump phenomenon” 2015

◊Author unclear, “Brexit has shattered conformity:Americans now feel validated in voting for nationalism and populism”

◊Brian Schaffner and Samatha Luks 2017. “This is what Trump voters said when asked…” The Washington Post.

Mark Alfano, 2016. “Large Scale Replication Experiments in Destructive Obedience…”

October 24:   Social Cognition

*Leon Festinger and Merrill Carlsmith, 1959. “Cognitive Consequences of Forced Compliance”
Phillip Zimbardo (video).”A lesson in Cognitive Dissonance”

Leon Festinger et al. 1956. When Prophecy Fails. University of Minnesota Press.

*Saul A.McLeod. (2010). “Attribution Theory.” Retrieved from

*Attribution Theory

Harold H. Kelley and John L. Michela 1980. “Attribution Theory and Research”
Annual Review of Psychology Vol. 31: 457-501

Harold H. Kelley. 1967. “Attribution Theory in Social Psychology”. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. 15192-238.

Bernard Weiner, 1985. ”An Attributional Theory of Achievement Motivation and Emotion”. Psychological Review, 92(4), 548-573.

Lee Ross. (1977). “The intuitive psychologist and his shortcomings: Distortions in the attribution process.” Advances in Experimental Social Psychology10, 173-220.

Edward Ellsworth Jones and Richard E. Nisbett. 1971.The actor and the observer: Divergent Perceptions of the Causes of Behavior. Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press.

Daryl J. Bem. 1972. “Self-perception theory.” Advances in experimental social psychology 6:1-62.

Susan Fiske and Shelley Taylor, Social Cognition, 1984, 1991, Chapters 1-4.

John Zaller and Stanley Feldman “Asking Questions Versus Revealing Preferences.” American Journal of Political Science 36: 579-616.

Martin Seligman, 1975. Helplessness: On Depression, development, and death.

Richard Yalch, 1975. “Attribution Theory and Voter Choice” Advances in Consumer Research Vol 2. 783-92.

Gail Sahar. 2014. “On the Importance of Attribution Theory in Political Psychology.” Social and Political Psychology Compass 8/5, 229-49.

Prospect Theory

Glenn W. Harrison & Don Ross, 2017. “The empirical adequacy of cumulative prospect theory and its implications for normative assessment,” Journal of Economic Methodology, pp 1-16/ Abstract:
Full article: see Prof Fletcher.

Attribution Theory and Media Elites.

David Houghton 2015. Political Psychology 2nd ed. Routledge. Ch 9

Applications to Populism

Lauren Hazzouri, 2016. “Back to School Lesson: Fundamental Attribution Error”

◊C. Lawrence Evans, 2016. “Trump’s voters are ready to risk everything. Why?” Washington Post, March 14.

Michael Hameleers et al. 2017. Shoot the messenger? “The media;s role in framing populist attributions of blame”

Michael Tesler and John Sides, 2016. “How political science helps explain the rise of Trump: the role of white identity and grievances,” Washington Post, March 3.

Sebastian Mallaby 2016. “Trump is only a sign of our times,” Washington Post March 29.

Christophe Heintz, “Does Prospect Theory explain Trump and Brexit Votes?” International Cognition and Culture Institute.

October 26:   Neuropsychology I

*Joseph LeDoux The Emotional Brain, Chapters 1-5.

*Antoine Bechera et al., Deciding Advantageously before knowing the advantageous strategy. Science vol 275, 1293-1295.

Joseph LeDoux (1995). “Emotion: Clues from the Brain.” Annual Review of Psychology 46: 209-35.

Joseph LeDoux The Synaptic Self: How Our Brains Become Who We Are, 2002.

Antonio Damasio, Descartes’ Error: Emotion, Reason and the Human Brain 1994 Chapts, 1-6.

Mark F. Bear et al., Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain, 2nd edition, Baltimore: Lippincott,

George Marcus et al. 2000. Affective Intelligence and Political Judgment, Chicago, 2000.

John A. Barge and Tanya L. Chartrand, 1999. “The Unbearable Automaticity of Being.” The American Psychologist 54(7): 462-479.

Robert B. Zajonc, 1980. “Feeling and Thinking: Preferences Need No Inferences.” American Psychologist 35: 151-175. 

October 31:  Neuropsychology II

*Joseph LeDoux The Emotional Brain, Chapters 6-9.

Joseph LeDoux 2012. “Rethinking the Emotional Brain” Neuron, 73:4, 653-676.

Joseph LeDoux. 2015. “Feelings: What They Are and How Does the Brain Make Them?” Daedalus 144:1, 96-111.

Antonio Damasio, Descartes’ Error 1994, Chapters 7-11 and postscript.

Antonio Damasio, The Feeling of What Happens

George Marcus, Political Psychology: Neuroscience, Genetics and Politics, Oxford, 2013.

Dustin Tingley 2006 “Neurological Imaging As Evidence in Political Science: A Review, Critique, and Guiding Assessment” Social Science Information, 45:5-33.

John Jost et al., 2014. “Political Neuroscience: The Beginning of a Beautiful Friendship” Advances in Political Psychology, Vol 35. Suppl I: 3-42.

Christopher Dawes et al., 2012. “The Neural Basis of Egalitarian Behavior” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109 (17) April 24: 6479-6483.

Anita Tusche et al 2013 “Automatic Processing of Political Preferences in the Human Brain” NeuroImage 72: 174-8.

Shane O’Mara, 2015. Why Torture Doesn’t Work. Harvard. (excerpts on publisher website)

Richard Shenkman, 2016. Political Animals. Basic pp 53-68.

David Houghton 2015. Political Psychology 2nd ed. Routledge. Ch 10, 11 (165-75).

Applications to Populism

Katherine Linderman 2016. “Could Neuroscience Explain What Trump Voters are Thinking?”

Nayef Al-Rodhan, 2016. Us versus Them. How Neurophilosophy explains our divided politics.” World Economic Forum.

R. Douglas Fields, 2016. “A Neuroscience Perspective on Brexit,” Psychology Today, 26 June.

◊Astrid Ghap 2017. “The raise of populism, the demise of slow thinkers”.

November 2: Quiz 2 & 
Preparing Paper 2

Part III Contemporary Topics

November 7: Ethnocentrism and (In)tolerance  

*Ted Brader et al. (2008). What triggers public opposition to immigration? Anxiety, group cues and immigration threat. American Journal of political science, 52 (4), 959-978.
(available online through the Melvyl catalogue at UCSC library).

*Paul M. Sniderman, Michael Bang Petersen, Rune Slothuus,and Rune Stubager (2014). Introduction in Paradoxes of Liberal Democracy: Islam, Western Europe and the Danish Cartoon Crisis. Ch 1.

*Jolanda Van der Noll, 2017. ” Western Anti-Muslim Prejudice: Value Conflict or Discrimination of Persons Too”. Political Psychology (advance publication).

David Zucchino 2016 “I’ve Become a Racist’: Migrant Wave Unleashes Danish Tensions Over Identity.” New York Times September 5, 2016.

Donald R. Kinder and Cindy D. Kam. 2010. Us Against Them: Ethnocentric Foundations of American Opinion. Chicago: University Chicago Press.

George Marcus et al., 1995.With Malice toward Some. Cambridge University Press.

James Gibson, 2002. “Becoming Tolerant?” British Journal of Political Science, vol 32, 309-324.

James Gibson & Amanda Gouws, 2002. Overcoming Intolerance in South Africa, Cambridge, 2002.

Paul Sniderman et al, 2000. The Outsider, Princeton University Press.

Joseph Fletcher & Boris. Sergeyev, 2002. “Islam and Intolerance in Central Asia” Europe Asia Studies.

Harrison Gough and Pamela Brady. 1993. “Personal Attributes of People Described by Others as Intolerant” in Paul Sniderman et al. Prejudice, Politics and the American Dilemma. Stanford University Press.Intol People

Steven Tuch and Michael Hughes, 2011. “On the Continuing Significance of Racial Resentment”.American Academy of Social and Political Science 634 134-52.

Edward Carmines et al. 2011. “On the Meaning, Measurement and Implications of Racial Resentment.” American Academy of Social and Political Science 634, 98-116.

David Houghton 2015. Political Psychology 2nd ed. Routledge. Ch 15.

Applications to Populism

Jonathan Rothwell. 2016. “Explaining Nationalist Views: The Case of Donald Trump.” Working Paper. rothwell_trump

Michael Tesler and John Sides, 2016. “How political science helps explain the rise of Trump: the role of white identity and grievances,” Washington Post, March 3.

“Trump and the Academy.” The Economist. Sept 3, 2016.

◊Guillem Rico et al 2016.  “The Emotional Underpinnings of Cititzen’s Populism”

◊Nayef Al-Rodhan 2016. Us versus Them. How neurophilosopy explains our divided politics. World Economic Forum

November 9:  Framing

*Joseph Fletcher & William Schatten “Framing the Toronto G20 Protests” fletcherschattencpsa2012final

Joseph Fletcher and Jennifer Hove, (2012). “Emotional Determinants of Support for the Canadian Mission in Afghanistan: A View from the Bridge.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 45: 33-62. HOH JF&JH

Joseph Fletcher and William Schatten (Early Version) “Ambivalence and Emotion in Framing”Framing JF&WS

N.J.G. Winter. 2006.Beyond Welfare: Framing and the Racialization of White Opinion on Social Security. American Journal of Political Science, 50(2): 400-420.

Nicholas Winter (2011) Dangerous Frames: How Ideas about race and Gender shape public opinion Chicago: Univ of Chicago Press

J.N. Druckman. 2001. On the Limits of Framing Effects: Who Can Frame? The Journal of Politics, 63(4):1041-1066,

J.N. Druckman. 2004.Political Preference Formation: Competition, Deliberation, and the (Ir) Relevance of Framing Effects. American Political Science Review, 98(04): 671-686,

N.A. Valentino, V.L. Hutchings, and I.K. White. Cues That Matter: How Political Ads Prime Racial Attitudes During Campaigns. American Political Science Review, 96(01):75 {90, 2004

P.R. Brewer and K. Gross. 2005.Values, Framing, and Citizens’ Thoughts About Policy Issues: Effects on Content and Quantity. Political Psychology, 26(6): 929-948.

David Houghton 2015. Political Psychology 2nd ed. Routledge. Ch 13

Applications to Populism
Manuella Caiani and Donatella Della Porta, 2011. The Elitist Populism of the Extreme Right: A frame analysis of extreme right wing discourses in Italy and Germany. Acta Politia 46 (2) 180-202.

Rune Slothuus & Claes H. de Vresse, 2009. “Political Parties, Motivated Reasoning and Issue Framing Effects.”

November 14:  Implicit Attitudes & Dehumanization I

*Implicit Association Test at

*H. Arkes and P. Tetlock, (2004) “Attributions of Implicit Prejudice or ‘Would Jesse Jackson Fail the Implicit Association Test’” Psychological Inquiry vol. 15 (4), 257-278.

*(skim)M.R. Banaji et al. (2004) No Place for Nostalgia in Science: A Response to Arkes and Tetlock. Psychological inquiry 15 (4), 279-310.

Greenwald, A. G., & Banaji, M. R. (1995). Implicit Social Cognition: Attitudes, Self-esteem, and Stereotypes. Psychological Review, 102, 4-27.

*Lusana Harris and Susan Fiske (2006) “Dehumanizing the Lowest of the Low: Neuroimaging Responses to Extreme out Groups,” Psychological Science, 17:847-53.

Aleksander Ksiazkiewicz and James Hedrick. 2013. “An introduction to Implicit Attitudes in Political Science.” PS: Political Science and Politics 3: 525-31.

Lusana Harris and Susan Fiske (2007) “Social Groups That Elicit Disgust Are Differentially Processed in MPFC” Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2:45-51.

Nicholas Winter (2010) Masculine Republicans and Feminine Democrats: Gender in American’s explicit and implicit images of the political parties. Political Behavior 32(4):587-618.

Joseph F. Fletcher. 2000. “Two Timing: Politics and Response Latency in a Bilingual Survey,”  Political Psychology, 21:1 (March) 2000, 27-55.

John N. Bassili and Joseph F. Fletcher, 1991. “Response‑Time Measurement in Survey Research: A Method for CATI and a New Look at Non‑Attitudes,”  Public Opinion Quarterly, 55: 4 (Winter) 1991, 331‑346.

Nov 16: Implicit Attitudes & Dehumanization II

*Efrén O. Pérez, 2010. “Explicit Evidence on the Import of Implicit Attitudes: The IAT and Immigration Policy Judgements.” Political Behavior 32(4):517-545.

Aleksander Ksiazkiewicz and James Hedrick 2013. “An Introduction to Implicit Attitudes in Political Science Research.” PS: Political Science & Politics. 46(3): 525-531.

Efrén O. Pérez, 2013. “Implicit Attitudes:Meaning, Measurement, and Synergy with Political Science. Politics,” Politics, Groups, and Identities 1: 275-297.

Efrén O. Pérez, 2016. Unspoken Politics: Implicit Attitudes and Political Thinking. Cambridge University Press.

Carlee Beth Hawkins and Brian A. Nosek. 2012. “Motivated Independence? Implicit Party Identity Predicts Political Judgments Among Self-Proclaimed Independents.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 38: 1437-1452.

Bertram Gawronski et al. 2015. “What Can Political Psychology Learn from Implicit Measures.” Political Psychology. 36(1) 1-17.

Richard Shenkman, 2016. Political Animals. Basic pp 197-209.

Graham Healy et al 2015 “Neural Patterns of the Implicit Association Test”.

Bastien Schiller 2016 Clocking the social mind by identifying mental process in the IAT with electrical neuroimaging.

Jesse Singal, 2017. “Psychology’s Favorite Tool for Measuring Racism Isn’t up to the Job” New York Magazine Jan 11.

Applications to Populism

◊Jorg Matthes and Desiree Schmuck, 2015. “The Effects of Anti-Immigrant Right-Wing Populist Ads on Implicit and Explicit Attitudes,” Communications Research March 1-26.

Linda Bos, Penelope Sheets and Hajo G. Boomgaarden, 2017.  “The Role of Implicit Attitudes in Populist Radical-Right Support” Political Psychology, Link to Abstract Full article through UCSC library)

November 21: Moral & Positive Psychology

*Jonathan Haidt, 2007. “The new synthesis in moral psychology.” Science 18 May 2007: Vol. 316 no. 5827 pp. 998-1002.

*(skim)Christopher L. Suhler and Patricia Churchland. 2011.Can Innate, Modular “Foundations” Explain Morality? Challenges for Haidt’s Moral Foundations Theory.” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. Vol. 23, (9): 2103-2116.

*(skim) Jonathan Haidt and Craig Joseph. 2011. How Moral Foundations Theory Succeeded in Building on Sand: A Response to Suhler and Churchland.” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. Vol. 23, No. 9, Pages 2117-2122.

Critiques of Moral Foundations Theory.

Chris Hedges.2012. “The Righteous Road to Ruin.”

Linda J. Skitka and G. Scott Morgan 2014. “The Social Implications of Moral Conviction.” Advances in Political Psychology 35 (S1): 545-549.

Jonathan Haidt, 2012.The Righteous Mind. NY: Vintage

Daniel M. Bartels and David A. Pizzaro. 2011. The mismeasure of morals: Antisocial personality traits predict utilitarian responses to moral dilemmas. Cognition. 121 (1): 154-161.

Paul H. Schoemaker and Phillip E. Tetlock. (2012). Taboo scenarios. California Management Review 54/2. Vol. 54, p. 5-24.

Tamsim Shaw, 2016. “The Psychologists Take Power”, New York Review of Books Feb 25, 38-41. Link.

Dennis Junk, 2016. “Why Tasmin Shaw Imagines the Psychologists are Taking Power. Link

Moral Foundations by Ideology moral-foundations-by-ideology

Moral Foundations by Ideology MFbyIdeol16-17

Applications to Populism

◊Emily Ekins and Jonathan Haight, 2016. “Donald Trump Supporters Think about Morality Differently than Other Voters: Here’s How,”

Jonathan Haight  Politics, Polarization and Populism essays also his 2016 APA keynote address

November 23: Thanksgiving-No Class

November 28:   Psychology of International Relations

*Elif Erişen 2012. “An Introduction to Political Psychology for International Relations Scholars.”Perceptions, Volume XVII, Number 3, pp. 9-28. (Search on Google under the author)

*Emilie M. Hafner-Burton, D. Alex Hughes, and David G. Victor. 2013.“The Cognitive Revolution and the Political Psychology of Elite Decision Making” Perspectives on Politics.
Vol. 11/No. 2: 368-386.

Nicholas Wright and Karim Sdjadpour, 2014.  “The Neuroscience Guide to Negotiations with Iran,” The Atlantic, Jan 14, 2014. Critically summarized by Christian Jarrett in Wired, Feb 24, 2014.

Marcus Holmes, 2013. “The Force of Face to Face Diplomacy: Mirror Neurons and the Problem of Intentions.” International Organization 67: 829-61. Summarized by Joshua Keating in Slate, Oct 23, 2013.

Yohan Ariffin et al. eds. 2016. Emotions in International Politics: Beyond Mainstream International Relations. Cambridge

Dominic D.P. Johnson & Dominic Tierney. 2011. “The Rubicon Theory of War: How the Path to Conflict Reaches the Point of No Return.” International Security, 36/1: 7-40.

Rose McDermott, Political Psychology in International Relations, 2004

Jacques Hymans, The Psychology of Nuclear Proliferation: Identity, Emotions and Foreign Policy, Cambridge, 2006.

Mark Schafer and Scott Critchlow 2010. Groupthink versus high quality decision-making in international relations. New York: Columbia University press.

Jonathan Mercer, (2005) “Rationality and Psychology and International Politics,” International Organization, 59:77-106.

James M. Goldgeier & Philip E. Tetlock. 2001.”Psychology and International Relations Theory” Annual Review of Political Science 4: 67-92.

David Houghton 2015. Political Psychology 2nd ed. Routledge. Ch 17.

Applications to Populism

◊Richard Fontaine and Robert D Kaplan 2016. “How Populism with Change Foreign Policy.” Foreign Policy May 23

November 30: The Political Psychology of Narratives.

*Phillip L. Hammack. 2014. “Mind, Story, Society: The Political Psychology of Narrative” In
Michael Hanne, William D. Crano and Jeffery Scott Mio  (Eds.) Warring with Words: Narrative and Metaphor in Politics NY; The Psychology Press.

Paul Nesbitt-Larking, & Catarina Kinnvall. 2012. The discursive frames of political psychology. Political Psychology, 33(1), 45-59.

Joanne Esch. 2010. “Legitimizing the ‘War on Terror’: Political myth in official-level rhetoric.” Political Psychology, 31(3), 357-391.

Phillip L. Hammack and Andrew Pilecki. 2012. “Narrative as a Root Metaphor for Political Psychology” Political Psychology 33 75-103.

Shadi Gholizadeh and Derek W. Hook. 2012. The discursive construction of the 1978-1979 Iranian revolution in the speeches of Ayatollah Khomeini. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 22(2), 174-186.

Caroline Howarth and Eleni Andreouli. 2016. The Social Psychology of Everyday Politics. Routledge.

◊Hannah Klein, 2017. “Defeating Far-Right Populism Through Narrative” The Fifth Column.

December 5:  Back to Genetics?

*James H. Fowler and Christopher T. Dawes. 2008. “Two genes predict voter turnout”. Journal of Politics, 70:579-594.

*Evan Charney and William English. 2012. “Candidate Genes and Political Behavior.” American Political Science Review 106 (1): 1–34.

*James H. Fowler and Christopher T. Dawes. 2013, “In Defense of Genopolitics” American Political Science Review, 107:362-374. skim

Evan Charney and William English. 2013. “Genopolitics and the Science of Genetics.” American Political Science Review 107(2): 382-395.

Peter K. Hatemi (2009) “Genetic and Environmental transmission of political attitudes over a lifetime”. Journal of Politics, 71, 1141-1156

James H. Fowler, Laura A. Baker and Christopher T. Dawes. 2008. “Genetic variation in political participation”, American Political Science Review, 102:233-248.

*John Hibbing and Kevin Smith, 2015. “How your biology could overrule you when voting,” New Scientist, #3015, 4 April

*Kevin Smith, John Alford, John Hibbing et al.  (2017). “Intuitive Ethics and Political Orientations: Testing Moral Foundations as a Theory of Political Ideology”. American Journal of Political Science. 61:2 424-37. Link via UC library. Preliminary Response by Haidt at:

Douglas R. Oxley et al. 2008 “Political attitudes vary with physiological traits”, Science, 321:1667-1670.

David Amodio at all 2007. “Neurocognitive correlates of liberalism and conservatism.” Nature Neuroscience, 10:1246-1247. 

David Houghton 2015. Political Psychology 2nd ed. Routledge. Ch 11 (175-84).

John Judis 2014. “Are Political Beliefs Determined at Birth?” The New Republic, Oct 25.

◊Rose McDermott, 2017. “Interpolitical Dating: The Romeo and Juliet Story of our Times?”

December 7: Quiz 3 & Preparing Paper 3 (Due Dec 11, 4-7pm)

add essentialism paper

add visual psych


Not Covered this Term: Psychology of Voting

David Houghton, Political Psychology, Chapter 12 (Chapter 17 in 1st edition).

*Zaria Gorvett, The Hidden Psychology of Voting

*Michael Hennessey et al. 2015. “Using Psychological Theory to Predict Voting Intentions” Journal of Community Psychology 43:4, 466-83. votingintentions

Ted Brader. 2006. Campaigning for Hearts and Minds: How Emotional Appeals in Political Ads Work,

Nicolas Valentino et al., 2011 “Election Night’s Alright for Fighting Journal of Politics 73(1) 156-70. valentino-brader-gregorowicz-groenendyk-hutchings-election-nights-alright-for-fighting

Christopher Olivola and Alexander Todorov 2010. ” Elected in 100 Milliseconds: Appearance-Based Trait Inferences and Voting” Journal of Nonverbal Behavior 34: 83-119.

Michael Spezio et al. 2008. “A Neural Basis for the Effect of Candidate Appearance on Election Outcome” Social Cognition and Affective Neuroscience 3(4) 344-52.

S.J. McCann 2009. “…Voting for Republican Representatives.” Journal of Psychology 143(4) :341-358.

Richard Shenkman, 2016. Political Animals. Basic pp 103-132.

David Houghton 2015. Political Psychology 2nd ed. Routledge. Ch 12.